Many academic professionals, school principals, university heads, and other leaders of a learning center believe that polishing their values, their motto, and their curriculum are the aspects that are truly essential.
School heads also believe in taking an immense amount of time improving their facilities, such as the school library, cafeteria, and most especially the classrooms. They are constantly investing in overhead projectors, whiteboards, desks, and other tools necessary for learning.
Don’t get me wrong, these are indeed crucial to modern education, and I wholeheartedly agree with the motto ‘school is cool’. Many parents do seek out these very aspects when choosing a prospective school for their child, as they would want an education that comes close to their own ideals.
However, I do believe that before parents even come to scout the facilities and values in order to come to their final judgment, they would have passed through the exterior of the campus.
The very first sight parents will spot is the school campus, in all its glory and excellence. Most likely it will boast a few banners or posters to showcase its distinction and merit, but what many campuses fail to provide is an outstanding parking lot.
It may sound a bit funny and peculiar right now, but take a moment and think of it. As parents park their cars into the parking area, the condition and preservation of this concrete will already tell them something about the facilities. The parking lot is considered a facility of the school, and if this large area is disregarded, it may give some parents doubts as to what other aspects could be as easily overlooked, and also disregarded.
The most fundamental concept for an educational campus to remember is first impressions, especially when trying to attract and recruit new students. You may have an outstanding motto, a brilliant core value system, and the most quality approach to enhance learning, but all of these aspects you’ve tirelessly honed will be lost if the basic maintenance of your outdoor campus is visually deteriorating.
It may seem like a daunting task to create a more pleasing parking lot, and frankly many people consider it to be completely unnecessary, however, find a company that specializes in paving and sealing commercial areas such as shopping centers or schools and have your campus parking lot fixed. The overall vibes your campus will give now truly emanates from every nook and crevice of your school, which will surely reach the impressions of incoming parents looking to inquire.
September 15th, 2017
When it comes to excavating, there are already guidelines for electrical safety for a range of industries and technical competencies. Prior to any excavating work of trenching, there should be proper location of various underground utility services and this includes underground cables.
When damaged, people can get injured by electric arcs that can even cause explosion, electric shock, flames, and even death. Damage is caused when a cable is crushed by a powerful machine, a heavy object, or cut through by a sharp object such as the point of a tool. If cables are damaged, it should be reported or repaired right away. If the issues are not addressed, serious problems can come up.
Whenever you are digging or disturbing the earth, caution should be taken as not to damage any underground services. Electrical cables may appear like pipes, which can be hazardous because it is nearly impossible to tell if they are live.
To avoid accidents, there should be thorough planning to properly manage and control risks, including coordinating with other departments. the Majority of cables belong to a DNO or otherwise known as Distribution Network Operator. However, in some instances, it might belong to an authority like the Ministry of Defense or Network Rail. If you are planning to do excavation or trenching, it is best to check for any equipment possessed by any of those establishments. If you have suspicions that underground cables may be evident within the area, confirm their location or ask a representative from that department and accurately locate them.
In the event of excavating within your own territory, involving your own cables, seek assistance from someone who is an expert in cable detection. They will have the essential tools needed i
If you get you lines disconnected to ensure safety during work, electric companies should give at least five days’ notice to customers whose supply is going to be disconnected.
Through careful planning and risk assessment, the fundamentals are given due attention before actual work starts and possible circumstances that might occur are already taken into account.
September 8th, 2017
Engineers and scientists in several states are attempting to pave the way to a quieter future, try out rubber, asphalt and gravel looking for a way to make roadways less loud.
Virginia is testing a number of stretches of speculative pavement as part of a $7.5 million state job. Arizona and California have actually been trying different highway surfaces meant to decrease sound. Washington state, which has sampled numerous surface areas with limited success, is pressing ahead with others.
Far, efforts in the field of so-called peaceful pavement are revealing combined outcomes. Some surfaces can be more expensive to put down than conventional streets and have the tendency to require more regular repair works, according to pavement engineers. Other experimental surfaces have broken down with time and ultimately end up being even noisier than the initial pavement they changed.
As part of the Quiet Pavement Pilot Program, an asphalt and rubber overlay was used to part of the 101 highway near Phoenix, decreasing noise in one comparison from 79 decibels to 70 decibels. Listen to recordings made along the highway in areas that did and did not have the overlay.
The inspiration making roadways quieter is great. The noise of freeway traffic about 50 to 100 feet away– a common distance between highways and homes– usually runs 65 to 75 decibels, about the volume of a regular discussion heard 3 feet away, stated Paul Donavan, a senior scientist at Illingworth & Rodkin Inc., a company focusing on acoustics and air quality.
Trucks have to do with 10 decibels louder than vehicles, said Dr. Donavan, who has a doctorate in acoustics from Massachusetts Institute of Technology. A boost of 10 decibels represents a doubling in loudness to the human ear.
September 3rd, 2017
Here are the layers of asphalt pavement. The bottom layer is polypropylene which is mostly the existing soil. Then, it needs a wide granular base course which is usually stabilized with asphalt, cement or fly ash.
The binder course is also called the base lift, which is the bottom layer of the asphalt pavement. Meanwhile, the wearing coat is the top layer and is responsible for the smooth ride and skid resistance. The wearing coat may be made of multiple layers, depending upon the structural needs.
August 18th, 2017
Various sites require various types of preparation because no matter what type of environment you have, there is always a way to go about site preparation. This usually involves clearing away trees or even swamps efficiently and with minimal disruption to the surrounding environment. It also includes any rough grading necessary or staking in preparation for installation of the footings and foundation.
Building site preparation includes land clearing and this process strips the topsoil for later use. Other items that might get in the way, like trees and stumps, will also be detached to make sure to provide enough space for construction. The following are a couple of land clearing options.
Excavation is essential specifically when it comes to containment and control of water which includes retention ponds, ditches, and refiguring slopes. During excavation, levelling is done as well as digging for a basement or crawl space.
Hauling involves providing essential and fresh materials, if necessary, for the building site like stones for parking areas and driveways. But remember that compaction is also important in cases where fill materials are being moved or hauled in. These new materials should be properly compressed to ensure stability. Fill is usually compacted in 6” lifts to avoid any settling after the site is on grade.
Depending on what type of building you are planning to build, you have to plan what would be the site material to be used for the base. A mixture of clay, sand, and gravel is oftentimes a good choice for a steady base.
Planning to put a restroom to the building? Better check if you are connected to the city sewer system. If not, a safe septic system should be put into play and connected to the city sewer. For gutters and water channeling systems, trenching should also be done.
Finally, after construction is done, you would not want your property to look like a work site anymore. Topsoil that was previously removed will be placed back to bring back the soil’s natural glory.
August 12th, 2017
For an overlay on an existing pavement, the degree of surface preparation is generally dependent on the condition and type of that existing pavement. Basically, the existing pavement should be structurally sound, level, clean and capable of bonding to the overlay. To meet these prerequisite conditions, the existing pavement is usually repaired, leveled, cleaned and then coated with a binding agent.
All failed sections of the existing pavements should be patched or replaced and existing pavement cracks should be filled. If an existing pavement is cracked or provides inadequate structural support, these defects will show up through even the best-constructed overlay and cause premature pavement failure in the form of still more and bigger cracks and deformations. Even small areas of localized structural failure in the existing pavement should be repaired or replaced to provide sufficient structural support. If the existing pavement contains areas of inadequate subgrade support, these areas should be excavated and removed, and the subgrade should be prepared as if it would be for a totally new pavement.
Which method to use in repairing the cracks in the existing pavement would depend on the type and severity of cracks. For instance, pavement sections with pattern or “fatigue” cracking should be patched or replaced because these distresses are often symptoms of more extensive pavement or subgrade structural failure. For cracks other than those symptomatic of structural failure, they can simply be filled with a crack-sealing material once cleaned and dried. Cracks less than about 0.375 inches in width may be too narrow for crack-sealing material to enter and hence should be widened with a mechanical router before sealing. If the existing pavement has an excessive amount of fine cracks but is still structurally adequate, it may be more economical to apply a general bituminous surface treatment or slurry seal instead of filling each individual crack.
Existing pavement should be made as smooth as possible before being finally overlaid. Before applying the final surface course, the existing pavement is thus usually further leveled, either by applying a leveling course of material, or by milling or grinding the existing pavement, or by some combination of the two methods. Finally, the leveled surface is uniformly covered with a tack coating material of bituminous liquid asphalt to promote bonding between the existing pavement and the new overlay.
August 3rd, 2017
Your pavement is some pretty strong stuff. It fights off the constant, changing the pressure of being driven on, the glaring sunlight, various elements, and the surge of flora that wants that space for itself. To hold back all of these forces, you have to be tough. However, there are elements to pavement that also make it vulnerable to the very things it’s fighting off.
Based on your location, and the type of business you are, different chemicals such as salts and petroleum products can eat away at your asphalt, leaving it weakened and shortening its lifespan.
Some of the types of businesses where you can see this the most are businesses that are prone to oil and gas leaks. This is because asphalt actually IS a petroleum based product, separated from that oil or gas leak only by the refining process. Once those get into unprotected asphalt, they can break down your pavement, making it weak considerably in just a short amount of time.
Additionally, salts used during winter weather can also do a number on your asphalt, cutting its lifespan considerably.
Fortunately, there is an important tool that any business owner can employ to prevent this kind of headache from ever happening. This is done through proper sealcoating. Sealcoating is the perfect line of defense for your pavement that helps protect it from harmful sunlight and the onslaught of chemicals that tend to spill onto your parking lot and stay there indefinitely. It prevents these things from breaking down your pavement prematurely.
Your sealcoating professional will typically start with a perfectly clean and repaired pavement before applying your sealcoating. This is important because you need this additional layer to adhere properly to every inch of surface area. Once applied (typically using either a squeegee or spray), your professional will give your parking lot a cure time of no less than 24 hours to ensure that the asphalt is fully sealed and protected in every area. During this cure time, though, stripping can be applied so that your parking area is ready to go as soon as that 24 hours have passed.
July 18th, 2017
Engineers have explored using different products, such as littles rubber or smaller sized stone mixes, to minimize sound. They likewise have actually looked at the direction, depth and spacing of the lines that are utilized to increase friction in concrete roadways. Striations that are three-quarters of an inch broad and 1/16 to 3/16 of an inch in depth appear to be quietest, Mr. Rasmussen said.
Near Hunts Point, Wash., a special neighborhood of primarily waterside homes throughout a heavily trafficked bridge from Seattle, roadway noise was minimized by 4 decibels after a nearby freeway was paved with peaceful asphalt in 2007, stated Tim Sexton, manager at the state Department of Transport’s Air Quality, Sound and Energy Policy.
Regional drivers were passionate at the time: “It resembles driving on carpet,” said one, according to a community newsletter.
Nevertheless, any muffling impact was gone within 6 months, according to Mr. Sexton. The asphalt surface area, which used techniques such as more negative structure, has in fact become louder than standard pavement over time as the divots ended up being filled with grit.
The pavement, which also weakened faster than routine pavement, won’t be utilized on the rest of the freeway, Mr. Sexton stated. Since of the deterioration of the product, a cleaning vehicle wouldn’t have actually been helpful in keeping the quietness of the roadway, he said.
Washington state hasn’t quit, however, and is still testing other sections of quiet pavement around the state, including five types of peaceful concrete with different surface area appearances. “It does not look like the pavement types that we’ve checked are going to work for the kinds of roads we’ve checked them on up until now, however we’re going to continue researching it until all the sections have been replaced,” Mr. Sexton said.
July 16th, 2017
The use of explosives for rock excavation has been dated way back in time. Nowadays, rock blasting uses many different varieties of explosives with different compositions and performance properties. Higher velocity explosives are used for relatively hard rock in order to shatter and break the rock, while low velocity explosives are used in soft rocks to generate more gas pressure and a greater heaving effect.
Here are other descriptions of various rock excavation methods.
Cushion blasting is done after production blasts. Larger drill holes are used with small diameter, lightly loaded distributed loads and the space around the explosive is filled with crushed rock to cushion the explosive force. Doing so, reduces the amount of radial fracturing around the borehole and also reduces borehole traces. The large diameter holes allow blasting depths up to 30 m (100ft). The procedure produces a ragged final slope face. One great thing about it is that it performs well in all rock types.
But, radial fractures are more abundant than presplit and smooth blasting. Slope face is more prone to raveling and a catchment area is recommended at slope base. This is also more demanding on the driller and borehole traces still apparent in hard, competent rock.
Step drilling involves larger diameter drill holes, drilled vertically and used as production blasting (although spaced closer and loaded lighter to minimize radial fractures) and a slope face is formed along base of blast holes. If properly designed the final slope face shows minimal signs of blasting. It can be used when sloped controlled blasting cannot and is best used in moderately to highly fractured rock.
The cons of such would include producing extensive damage to slope or inadequate base fracturing if not designed properly. Thus, step drilling should only be used with experienced driller and blasting engineer. Also, it is not advisable to be used in hard competent rock.
July 10th, 2017
Just what is slurry seal?
Slurry Seal is a cold-mix paving air conditioner that could correct a broad range of problems on streets, landing strips, parking area and also driveways. Consider Slurry as an Industrial Quality Asphalt Surfacing.
The primary materials used to create slurry seal are aggregate, asphalt emulsion as well as fillers, which are mixed together baseding on a research laboratory’s style mix formula. Water is additionally included for workability.
Benefits of slurry seal
As one of the most functional of any type of sidewalk surface area treatment heating and cooling unit, slurry seal is additionally unique in its capacity to transfer a durable bituminous mixture based on the needs of a variably distinctive surface area– filling splits as well as voids, sealing the surface weather-tight, and also offering shade as well as structure delineation in a single pass.
Affordable to set up, very inexpensive to use.
Easy, speedy application of a brand-new overlay makes slurry especially appealing for refurbishing hectic roads, car park and airport runways. The new area prepares to make use of in just hrs after application.
Correcting & Stopping Issues
Existing distresses in older sidewalks– surface area fracturing, raveling, loss of matrix, Raised water and air permeability as well as lack of friction as a result of flushing or aggregate polishing– could be remedied with a slurry application. Waterproofing is additionally attained, protecting against additional deterioration. An all-weather, durable surface area is produced that supplies skid resistance and improved handling attributes for motorists.
With one easy application, existing sidewalk receives a new putting on area of consistent black color as well as structure. Enhanced appearance implies boosted property value, advertising capacity as well as purchaser approval. Highways, shopping center car park and various other public or office sidewalks treated with slurry seal become much more attractive as well as eye-appealing.
June 20th, 2017